Jim (James) Garrison



Jim GarrisonProfessor
455 Grand Blvd.
400B War Memorial Hall
Boone, N. C 28607
Education, Philosophy, andScience and Technology Studies(828) 264-6800College Liberal Studies and EducationVirginia TechBlacksburg, VA 24061‑0313(540) 231‑8331E-mail: wesley@vt.edu



Educational Experience

1981 The Florida State University Ph. D.—Philosophy
: History and philosophy of science and mathematical logic

: Geometry As A Source Of Theory‑Ladenness In Early
Modern Physics 1981
The Florida State University M.A.‑‑Humanities

: Humanities and the Sciences
The Florida State University B. S.‑‑Physics
The Florida State University M. A.‑‑Philosophy
The University of Central Florida B. A.—Psychology

Professional Experience 1992-Present Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Blacksburg), Professor. Responsibilities have been, and continue to include, graduate instruction in the social foundations of education, the philosophy of education, and assortment of special topics including the philosophy of John Dewey and pragmatism and education. Advisement activity includes extensive participation on Ph.D. committees and dissertation advisement. Associate: Center for Science and Technology Studies.Adjunct Professor: Department of Philosophy 1989‑1992 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Blacksburg). Associate Professor. 1985‑1989 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Blacksburg), Assistant Professor. 1983‑1985 Junior investigator, NSF Grant IST #8310936 (Information Science and Technology). Jaakko Hintikka and C. J. B. Macmillan, principle investigators. The logic of questions and answers.
Military Experience United States Marine Corps, 1968‑1970.
National Awards and Recognition President, John Dewey Society, 2007-2009.The DeGarmo Lecture, 2008.The John Dewey Society Outstanding Achievement Award, 2006.Jim Merritt award for scholarship in the philosophy of education, 2005.President, Philosophy of Educaiton Society, 2000-2001.


Refereed Publications

Books Authored

Garrison, Jim, ed. (2007). Reconstructing Democracy, Recontextualizing Dewey: Pragmatism and Interactive Constructivism in the Twenty-First Century. Albany, New York: State University Press of New York.
Liston, Daniel and Garrison, Jim, eds. (2004) Teaching, Learning, and Loving. New York: Routledge.
Garrison, Jim Bredo, Eric, and Podeschi, Ronald, L. eds. (2002) William James and Education. New York: Teachers College Press. Reprinted in Chinese.
Larochelle, Marie, Bednarz, Nadine, and Garrison, Jim eds. (1998). Constructivism and Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Garrison, Jim (1997). Dewey and Eros: Wisdom and Desire in the Art of Teaching. New York: Teachers College Press.
Garrison, Jim, ed. (1995). The New Scholarship on Dewey. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Garrison, James W. and Rud, Anthony G. Jr., eds. (1995). The Educational Conversation: Closing the Gap. Albany: State University Press of New York.
Macmillan, C. J. B. and Garrison, James W. (1988). The Erotetic Logic of Teaching. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

1. General Education
Fleury, Stephen, Bentley, Michael L., Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming) Critical Constructivism for Teaching and Learning in a Democratic Society. Journal of Thought.
Rud, A. G. and Garrison, Jim (2007). Response: The Continuum of Listening Learning Inquiry, Vol. 1, # 2, 163-168.
Garrison, Jim (2007). Pragmatism as Humanities' Method of Creative and Loving Self-Transcendence. Educacao & Cultura Contemporanea. Portuguese, 15-22.
Schneider, S. B. and Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming). Deweyan Reflections on Knowledge Producing Schools. Teachers College Record.
Jim Garrison (2008). Exploring the Moral He(art) of Service and Scholarship: An Encomium for David Hansen. Curriculum and Teaching Dialogue, Vol. 9, N. 1&2, 196-200.
Garrison, Jim (2006). Professing Bildung. Professing Education. Vol. 5, no. 1, 2-4.
Garrison, Jim (2005). Compassionate, Spiritual, and Creative Listening. Teaching and Learning. Vol. XXXI, no. 3 & 4, 28-34.
Garrison, Jim (2006). Bildungstheorie as the Logic of Education. Journal of Thought. Vol. 41, #3, 57-59.
O’Quinn Elaine J. and Garrison, Jim (2006). Whitman, Dewey, and a Song for the Occupation of Teaching. Journal of Curriculum Theory, Vol. 22, No. 1, 127-135.
Garrison, Jim (2004). Dewey and the Education of Eros: A Critique of the Ideal of Self-Creation. Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, Vol. 20, No. 4, 147-161.
Garrison, Jim and O’Quinn, E. J. (2005). Reflections on Whitman, Dewey, and Educational Reform: Recovering Spiritual Democracy for Our Materialistic Times. Education and Culture, 68-77.
Garrison, Jim (2004). Sviluppo e crescita in Dewey (Dewey, Development, and Growth). Studi Sulla Formazione, 45-49 (paper to appear in Italian).
Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming). Cultural Currents. The International Journal of Leadership in Education: Theory and Practice
Dwight, Jim and Garrison, Jim (2003). “A Manifesto for Instructional Technology: Hyperpedagogy” Teachers College Record, Vol. 5, no. 5, 699-728.
Garrison, J (Forthcoming). Questioning the Cultural Function of Science Education: An Endorsement and Response to Rudolph. Science Education.
Quinn, Molly, and Garrison, Jim (2001). Mythos and Logos, Curriculum, and the Legacy of the Chariot. Journal of Curriculum Theory, Vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 125-139.
Garrison, Jim (2000) Emerson’s “The American Scholar” and the Status of Philosophy of Education. Taboo. Spring-Summer 2000, pp. 101-107.
Garrison Jim (2001). Assaying the Possibilities of Spiritual Education: Toward a Curriculum of Poetic Creation. Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, Vol. 17 no. 1, 63-71.
Garrison, Jim (2001). Dewey and Eros: A Response to Prawat, Teachers College Record, Vol. 103 no. 4, 722-738.
Garrison, Jim. (2000). A Reply to Davson-Galle. Science & Education. 9, 615-620.
Garrison, Jim (1998). A Philosophical History of the Idea of the “Democratic Public” in the United States. Zeitschrift Für Pädagogik. Reprinted in Portuguese in Nuance Magazine.
Garrison, Jim (1998). The Paradox of Indoctrination, Pluralistic Selves, and Liberal Communitarianism. Educational Foundations. 12 (1), 17-27.
Garrison, Jim. (1997). An Alternative to von Glasersfeld’s Subjectivism in Science Education: Deweyan Social Constructivism. Science & Education, 6 (6), 543-554.
Oliver, Kimberly L. and Garrison, Jim (1996). Kinesthetic Listening: The Other Half of the Dance. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 67 (6), 37-39.
Garrison, Jim (1996). The Unity of the Activity: A Response to Prawat. Educational Researcher, 25 (6) 21-23.
Moore, David M. and Garrison, Jim. (1996). Discovering the Foundations of Instructional Technology: A Rocky Road. Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, pp. 22 (2) 3-16.
Erskine, Lewis and Garrison, Jim. (1996). Deweyan Perspectives on Scenario-Based Decisions. Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 22 (2) 67-90.
Garrison, Jim. (1996). Dewey, Qualitative Thought, and Context. Qualitative Studies in Education, 9 (4) 391-410. Garrison, Jim. (1996). The Most Penetrating Criticism: A Reading of Cynthia Voigt's Jackaroo. The ALAN Review, 23 (2), 12-21.
Hunt, Thomas C. and Garrison, Jim. (1996). Thomas Jefferson on Freedom of Religion and Inquiry: The Paradoxes of Liberal Modernists. Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 21 (1 and 2), 19-42.
Simpson, Pam and Garrison, Jim. (1995). Teaching and Moral Perception. Teachers College Record, 97 (2), 252-278.
Garrison, Jim. (1995). Deweyan Pragmatism and the Epistemology of Contemporary Social Constructivism. American Educational Research Journal, 32 (4), 710-740.
McKenny, Joseph R., Franklin, Timothy V., and Garrison, James W. (1995). A Conceptual Framework for Teaching Educational Policy. The Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 16 (1 and 2), 117-134.
Garrison, James W. and Burton, John K. (1995). Knowledge, Power, and Hypermedia. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 5 (1), 69-87.
Garrison, Jim. (1994). Suchting's 'production account' of Science: Implications for Science Education. Science & Education, 3 (1), 57‑68.
Garrison, Jim. (1994). Realism, Deweyan Pragmatism, and Educational Research. Educational Researcher, 23 (1), 5‑14.
Garrison, Jim. (1994). Dewey, Contexts and Texts. Educational Researcher, 23 (1), 19‑20. Phelan, Anne M. and Garrison, James W. (1994). Toward a Gender‑Sensitive Ideal of Critical Thinking: A Feminist Poetic. Curriculum Inquiry, 24 (3) 255-268. Reprinted with revisions in Re‑Thinking Reason: New Perspectives in Critical Thinking, Kerry S. Walters, ed., 81‑97. Albany: New York State University Press.
McKinney, Joseph R. and Garrison, Jim. (1993). Foucault and Rousseau on Teaching in Modern Technocratic Schooling. Journal of Thought, 28 (123), 61‑82.
Harrington, Helen L. and Garrison, James W. (1992). Cases as Shared Inquiry: A Dialogical Model of Teacher Preparation. American Educational Research Journal, 29 (4), 715‑735.
Garrison, James W. and Lawwill, Kenneth S. (1993). Democratic Science Teaching: A Role for the History of Science. Interchange, 24 (122), 29‑39.
Nespor, Jan K. and Garrison, James W. (1992). A Response to Fredericks and Miller Educational Researcher, 21 (3), 27‑30.
Hunter, J. Mark and Garrison, James W. (1992). Scientific Temper Technique & Instructional Technology, Thresholds in Education, 17 (4), 13‑18.
Bentley, Michael L. and Garrison, James W. (1992). The Role of Science In Science Teacher Education. Journal of Science Teacher Education, Vol. 2 (3), 67‑71.
Garrison, James W. and Phelan, Anne M. (1992). Implications of the New Scholarship on Women for Educational Theory. Journal of Thought, Vol. 26 (122), 95‑114.
Graham, Richard T. and Garrison, James W. (1991). Entrepreneurship, Accountability and the "Business" of Education. The Professional Educator, Vol. 13 (2), 12‑16.
Garrison, James W. and Moore, David M. (1990). Comments on Hlyntka's Much Ado About Educational Technology: A Response to Moore and Garrison: An Existential, Postmodern and Postliterate Visual Parable. Journal Of Visual Literacy, 9 (2).
Garrison, James W. and Bentley, Michael L. (1989). Teaching Scientific Method: The Logic of Confirmation and Falsification. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (3), 188‑197. Garrison, James W. and Hoskisson, Kenneth. (1989). Confirmation Bias in Predictive Reading. The Reading Teacher, 47 (7), 482‑486.
Hoskisson, Kenneth and Garrison, James W. (1988). Reflective Reading. The Journal of the Virginia College Reading Educators, 8 (1), 21‑33.
Moore, David M. and Garrison, James W. (1988). The Contribution of Metaphysics to Instructional Technology: An Existentialist Perspective Based on Sartre's Being and Nothingness. Educational Communication and Technology Journal, 31 (1), 33‑34.
Garrison, James W. (1988). Democracy, Scientific Knowledge and Teacher Empowerment. Teachers College Record, 89 (4), 487‑504.
Hoskisson, Kenneth and Garrison, Jim. (1988). Predictive Reading and Scientific Enquiry. Reading, 22 (2), 118‑125.
Hoskisson, Kenneth and Garrison, James W. (1987). The Logic of Questions Used in Basal Readers. Reading Improvement, 24 (3), 176‑181.
Garrison, James W. and Graham, Richard T. (1987). Entrepreneurship and the Business of Teaching. The Professional Educator, 10 (2), 29‑32.

Philosophy of Education

Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming). Some Remarks on Dewey’s Metaphysics and Theory of Education. Journal of Thought.
Pappus, Gregory Fernando and Garrison, Jim (2005). Pragmatism as a Philosophy of Education in the Hispanic World: A Response. Studies in Philosophy and Education, Vol., 24, 515-529.
Garrison, Jim (2006). Hegelian Continuity in Dewey’s Theory of Inquiry. Educational Theory. Vol. 56, Issue 1, 1-37.
Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming). Curriculum, Critical Common-Sensism, Scholasticism, and the Growth of Democratic Character. Studies in Philosophy and Education.
Garrison, Jim (Forthcoming). A Response to Cato. Educational Theory.
Garrison, Jim (2004). The Aesthetics of Ethical Virtues and the Ethical Virtues of Aesthetics. Interchange, Vol. 35, No. 2, 229-241.
Garrison, Jim and Giarelli, Jim (2004). Pragmatism and Peace. Journal of Thought, Vol. 39 # 3, 43-58.
Garrison, Jim (2003). Prophetic Epideictic Rhetoric: Emotional Education Beyond Good and Evil. Educational Theory, 221-241.
Garrison, Jim (2002). Summing Up Our Differences: A Reply to Siegel. Journal Of Philosophy Of Education, Vol. 36, No. 2, 229-232.
Garrison, Jim (2001-2002). Dewey, Spirituality, and Rationality: A Response to Professor Roda. Educational Change, 81-85.
Garrison, Jim (2002). Dewey, Derrida, and “the Double Bind.” Educational Philosophy and Theory, Vol. 35, No. 3, 349-362. Reprinted in, Derrida, Deconstruction And Education, Oxford: Blackwell, 95-108.
Garrison, J. (2000). A Response to James Scott Johnston. Educational Theory, Vol. 50, No. 2, 275-276.
Garrison, J. (2000). A Response to McCarthy and Sears. Educational Theory, Vol. 50, no., 4 542-543.
Garrison, Jim (2000). Spiritual Education as Poetic Creation in Dewey’s Religious Humanism. Educational Change, 1-11.
Garrison, Jim (2001). A Possible Poetics For Critical Thinking. The Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 141-150.
Garrison, Jim (1999). Reclaiming the Lógos, Considering the Consequences, and Restoring Context: A Deweyan Response to Siegel’s Rationality Redeemed? Educational Theory, Vo. 49, No. 3, 317337.
Garrison, Jim (1999). Dangerous Dualisms in Siegel’s Theory of Critical Thinking: A Deweyan Pragmatist Responds. Journal Of Philosophy Of Education; Vol. 33, Issue 2, 213-232.
Garrison, Jim (1999). John Dewey’s Theory of Practical Reasoning. Educational Philosophy and Theory, Vol., No. 31, 291-312. Reprinted in Portuguese in Perspectiva Magazine.
Garrison, Jim (1998). Pragmatism, Prophecy, and the Status of Philosophy of Education. Educational Theory, Vol. 48, no 3, 427-429.
Garrison, Jim (1998). A Philosophical History of the Idea of “The Public” in the United States: A Provocative Emersonian and Deweyan Pragmatic Perspective. Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, Vol. 38, 143-164.
Garrison, Jim (1998). Dewey, Foucault, and Self-Creation. Educational Philosophy and Theory, Vol. 30, no 2, 11-134.
Kimball, Stephanie L. and Garrison, Jim. (1996). Hermeneutic Listening: An Approach to Understanding in Multicultural Conversations. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 15 (1 & 2), 51-59.
Garrison, Jim. (1996). A Deweyan Theory of Democratic Listening. Educational Theory, Vol. 46, No. 4, 429-451.
Garrison, Jim. (1995). Deweyan Prophetic Pragmatism, Poetry, and the Education of Eros. American Journal of Education 103 (4), 406-431.
Garrison, Jim and Macmillan, C. J. B. (1994). Process‑Product Research on Teaching: Ten Years Later. Educational Theory, 44 (4), 385‑397.
Garrison, Jim. Dewey, Eros, and Education (1994). Education and Culture, 11 (2), 1‑5. Reprinted in the Foxfire Reader.
Garrison, James W. (1993). A Strong Poet's Perspective on Richard Rorty. Studies in Philosophy of Education, 12 (2‑4), 213‑221.
Garrison, James W. and Macmillan, C. J. B. (1992). A Rejoinder to Floden and Newsome. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 11 (3), 223‑229.
Garrison, James W. (1991). "Does Metaphysics Really Matter for Practice?": It Depends on the Practitioner, Educational Theory, 41(2), 221‑226.
Garrison, James W. and McKinney, Joseph, R. (1991). Post‑Structuralism and Educational Administration: A Panoptical Perspective, The Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 16 (1 and 2), 59‑78. Reprinted as Postmodernism and Educational Leadership: The New and Improved Panoptican in Spencer Maxey (ed.) Postmodern School Leadership: Meeting the Crisis in Educational Administration, Greenwood Publishing Group (1993).
Pappas, Eric C. and Garrison, James W. (1990). Toward a New Philosophy of Education: Extending the Conversational Metaphor for Thinking. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 10 (1), 297‑314.
Garrison, James W. (1990). Philosophy as (Vocational) Education, Educational Theory, 40 (3), 391‑406.
Garrison, James W. (1989). The Role of Postpositivistic Philosophy of Science in the Renewal of Vocational Education Research. The Journal of Vocational Education Research, 14 (3), 39‑49.
Garrison, James W. (1990). Greene's Dialectic of Freedom and Dewey's Naturalistic Metaphysics, Educational Theory, 40 (2), 193‑209.
Garrison, James W. and Bentley, Michael L. (1989). Science Education, Conceptual Change, and Breaking with Everyday Experience. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 10 (1), 20‑35.
Orey, Michael A., Garrison, James W. and Burton, John K. (1989). A Philosophical Critique of Null‑Hypothesis Testing. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 22 (3), 12-21. Reprinted in Erskine S. Dottin, ed., Thinking About Education: Philosophical Issues and Problems. University Press of America, New York, pp. 166‑189.
Garrison, James W. and Macmillan, C. J. B. (1988). The Erotetic Logic of Problem Solving Inquiry. Computers in the Schools, 4 (3 & 4), 29‑45. Reprinted in W. Michael Reed and John K. Burton, eds., (1988). Educational Computing and Problem Solving. The Haworth Press, New York, 29‑45.
Garrison, James W. (1988). The Impossibility of Athoretical Educational Research. Journal of Educational Thought, 22 (1), 21‑26.
Garrison, James W. and Shargel, Emanuel I. (1988). Dewey and Husserl: A Surprising Convergence of Themes. Educational Theory, 38 (2), 239‑247. Reprinted in Russian, Phenomenological Inquiry, 1998.
Garrison, James W. (1987). Erotetic Logic and Reflective Thinking in Undergraduate Foundations Courses. Educational Foundations, 1 (2), 58‑62.
Macmillan, C. J. B. and Garrison, James W. (1987). Erotetics and Accountability. Educational Theory, 37 (3), 295‑300.
Garrison, James W. and Macmillan, C. J. B. (1987). Teaching Research to Teaching Practice: A Plea for Theory. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 20 (4), 38‑43.
Garrison, James W. (1986). Some Principles of Postpositivistic Philosophy of Science. Educational Researcher, 15 (9), 12‑18.
Macmillan, C. J. B. and Garrison, James W. (1986). Erotetics Revisited, Educational Theory 36 (4), 355‑361.
Macmillan, C. J. B. and Garrison, James W. (1984). Can the 'New Philosophy of Science' Be Used in Criticizing Current Research Traditions in Education? Educational Researcher, 13 (10), 15‑21.
Garrison, James W. and Macmillan, C. J. B. (1984). A Philosophic Critique of Process‑Product Research. Educational Theory, 34 (3/4), 255‑274.
Macmillan, C. J. B. and Garrison, James W. (1983). An Erotetic Concept of Teaching.
Educational Theory
, 33 (3/4), 157‑166.

3. General Philosophy (Refereed and Book Chapters)

Garrison, Jim (2006). Philosophy as Education. Blackwell Companion to Pragmatism. Joseph Margolis and John Shook (Eds.). Oxford: Blackwell. Garrison, Jim and Watson Bruce W. (2005). Food from Thought. Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 242-256.
Garrison, Jim (2005). Dewey on Metaphysics, Meaning Making, and Maps. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Vol. 41, No. 4, 818-844.
Pacifici, L. and Garrison, J. (2004). Imagination, Emotion and Inquiry: The Teachable Moment. Contemporary Pragmatism, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 125-140.
Garrison, Jim (2003). Dewey’s Theory of Emotions: The Unity of Thought and Emotion in Naturalistic Functional “Co-ordination” of Behavior. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXXIX, No. 3, 405-443.
Garrison, James (1999). Philosophy as the General Theory of Critical Education. In The Paideia Project: Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy, Vol. 3, David Steiner (Ed.), 51-61.
Garrison, Jim (1999). The Role of Mimesis in Dewey’s Theory of Qualitative Thought. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXXV, No. 4, 678-696.
Garrison, Jim (1999). John Dewey, Jacques Derrida, and the Metaphysics of Presence. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXXV, No. 2, 346-372.
Garrison, James W. (1998). La dimensione sociale einterrogativa della conoscenza. Fenomenologia E Società XXI (1) 27-31.
Garrison, Jim (1998). John Dewey’s Philosophy as Education. In Reading Dewey, Larry A. Hickman (ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 63-81.
Garrison, Jim (1995). Dewey's Philosophy and the Experience of Working: Labor, Tools and Language. Synthese, 105 (5) 87-114.
Garrison, James W. (1994). The Ethics of Geometrical Construction. Herman Parret (editor), Peirce And Value Theory, Amsterdam, J Benjamins Publishing Company, Semiotic Crossroads series, 229-241.
Garrison, James W. (1993). Being Unto Death, Falling in Love with Wisdom, David Karnos and Robert G. Shoemaker, ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 243‑245.
Garrison, James W. (1993). Metaphysics and scientific proof: Newton and Hegel, Hegel and Newtonianism, Prof. dr. M. J. Petry, ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland, 3‑16.
Garrison, James W. (1988). Hintikka, Laudan and Newton: An Interrogative Model of Scientific Inquiry. Synthese, 74 (2), 145‑171.
Garrison, James W. (1987). Newton and the Relation of Mathematics to Natural Philosophy. Journal of the History of Ideas, 48 (4), 609‑627.
Garrison, James W. (1986). The Paradox of Indoctrination: A Solution. Synthese, 68 (2), 261‑273.
Garrison, James W. (1986). Husserl, Galileo and the Processes of Idealization. Synthese, 66 (2), 329‑338. Garrison, James W. (1985). Dewey and the Empirical Unity of Opposites. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 21 (4), 549‑561.


Mousavi, Shabnam and Garrison, Jim (2003). Toward a Transactional Theory of Decision Making: Creative Rationality as Functional Coordination in Context Journal of Economic Methodology, June 2003, vol. 10, no. 2, 131-156.
Garrison, Jim (2000). Pragmatism and Public Administration. Administration & Society; Vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 458-477.
Garrison, Jim (2001). An Introduction to Dewey’s Theory of Functional “Trans-Action”: An Alternative Paradigm for Activity Theory. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 8 (4), pp. 275-296.

Garrison, Jim (2002). Habits as Social Tools in Context. The Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, Vol. 22, 11S-16S.