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Universität zu Köln

Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät

Dewey-Center Köln

Gregory Fernando Pappas



Associate Professor
Department of Philosophy
Texas A & M University
College Station, Texas



Pappas #01

»Habits of speech, including syntax and vocabulary, and modes of interpretation have been formed in the face of inclusive and defining situations of context ... We are not explicitly aware of the role of context just because our every utterance is so saturated with it that it forms the significance of what we say and hear ... Now thought lives, moves, and has its being in and through symbols, and, therefore, depends for meaning upon context as do the symbols ... I should venture to assert that the most pervasive fallacy of philosophic thinking goes back to neglect of context.« (LW 6: 4-5)
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Papas #02

Construction (experience) »I have used the word construction" to denote "the creative mind, the mind that is genuinely productive in its operations. We are given to associating creative mind with persons regarded as rare and unique, like geniuses. But every individual is in his own way unique. Each one experiences life from a different angle than anybody else, and consequently has something distinctive to give others if he can turn his experiences into ideas and pass them on to others.« (LW 5: 127)
Reconstruction (habit)
»There is no one among us who is not called upon to face honestly and courageously the equipment of beliefs, religious, political, artistic, economic, that has come to him in all sorts of indirect and uncriticized ways, and to inquire how much of it is validated and verified in present need, opportunity, and application.« (LW 5: 142)
Deconstruction (criticism)
»Creative activity is our great need; but criticism, self-criticism, is the road to its release.« (LW 5: 143) »We cannot permanently divest ourselves of the intellectual habits we take on and wear when we assimilate the culture of our own time and place. But intelligent furthering of culture demands that we take some of them off, that we inspect them critically to see what they are made of and what wearing them does to us« (LW 1: 40)
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Pappas #03

Truth and Warranted Assertions (Experimentalism)
»... the term ‘warranted assertion' s preferred to the terms belief and knowledge. It is free from the ambiguity of these latter terms, and it involves reference to inquiry as that which warrants assertion« (LW 12: 17)
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Pappas #04

Experience and the Real
»... the question ... is what the real is. If natural existence is qualitatively individualized or genuinely plural, as well as repetitious, and if things have both temporal quality and recurrence or uniformity, then the more realistic knowledge is, the more fully it will reflect and exemplify these traits« (LW 1: 127)
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Pappas #05

Experience and Language
»If existence in its immediacies could speak it would proclaim: ‘I may have relatives but I am not related.' In aesthetic objects, that is in all immediately enjoyed and suffered things, in things directly possessed, they thus speak for themselves.« (LW 1: 75f)
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Pappas #06

Communication and Participation
»Of all affairs, communication is the most wonderful. That things should be able to pass from the plane of external pushing and pulling to that of revealing themselves to man, and thereby to themselves; and that the fruit of communication should be participation, sharing, is a wonder by the side of which transubstantiation pales.« (LW 1: 132) »Communication is the process of creating participation, of making common what had been isolated and singular; and part of the miracle it achieves is that, in being communicated, the conveyance of meaning gives body and definiteness to the experience of the one who utters as well as to that of those who listen« (LW 10: 248f).
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Pappas #07

Democracy (Liberalism and Socialism)
»The end of democracy is a radical end. For it is an end that has not been adequately realized in any country at any time. It is radical because it requires great change in existing social institutions, economic, legal and cultural.« (LW 11: 298f)
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Pappas #08

Democracy (Experience and Education)
»Democracy is the faith that the process of experience is more important than any special result attained, so that special results achieved are of ultimate value only as they are used to enrich and order the ongoing process. Since the process of experience is capable of being educative, faith in democracy is all one with faith in experience and education.« (LW 14: 229)
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Pappas #09

Democracy (Culture and the Power of Imagination)
“Imagination is the chief instrument of the good” (LW 10: 350), because only “imaginative vision elicits the possibilities that are interwoven within the texture of the actual.” (LW 10: 348)
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Pappas #10

Democracy (Intelligence and Local Communities)
»In a word, that expansion and reinforcement of personal understanding and judgment by the cumulative and transmitted intellectual wealth of the community which may render nugatory the indictment of democracy drawn on the basis of the ignorance, bias and levity of the masses, can be fulfilled only in the relations of personal intercourse in the local community ... Vision is a spectator; hearing is a participator ... We lie, as Emerson said, in the lap of an immense intelligence. But that intelligence is dormant and its communications are broken, inarticulate and faint until it possesses the local community as its medium.« (LW 2: 371f)
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Pappas #11

Education as Growth
»Since growth is the characteristic of life, education is all one with growing; it has no end beyond itself. The criterion of the value of school education is the extent in which it creates a desire for continued growth and supplies means for making the desire effective in fact.« (MW 9: 58)
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Pappas #12

Special question to the scholar
What are your interests in the further development of pragmatism?
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PhD Philosophy, University of Texas at Austin, August 1990.
MA Philosophy (Honors), University of Wyoming, May 1983.
BA Philosophy (cum laude), Minor in Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico, 1981.

Teaching and Research Areas:
Areas of Specialization: American Philosophy (especially John Dewey and Willliam James), Ethics, Latin American Philosophy.
Areas of Competence: Aesthetics, Philosophy of Technology, History of Philosophy, Socio-Political Theory.


Pragmatism and the Hispanic World (editor, Fordham University Press, work in progress).
John Dewey's Ethics: Democracy as Experience (Book) Indiana University Press (forthcoming).
"John Dewey and the 'Deliberative Turn' in Political Theory," in Southwest Philosophical Studies (forthcoming)
"Why are Hispanic philosophers Marginalized in the American Philosophical Community?" in Critical Perspectives on the Profession of Philosophy: Latin-American and African-American Voices (SUNY Press, ed. George Yancy, forthcoming).
"El Punto de Partida de la Filosofía en Risieri Frondizi y el Pragmatismo" in Anuario Filosófico 2007, v. 40, n. 2 (Spain)
"El Desafio Norteamericano: La Tension entre los Valores del Mundo Anglosajon y del Hispano" La Torre Del Virrey (Junio de 2007) (Spain)
"Dewey's Ethics" entry for the Encyclopedia of American Philosophy, Routledge, 2007.
"The American Challenge: the Tension between the Values of the Anglo and the Hispanic World", 2006 APA Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy
"Pragmatism as a Philosophy of Education in the Hispanic World: A Response" (co-written with Jim Garrison) Studies in Philosophy and Education, Vol. 24, No.6 (November 2005), pp.515-529.
"Dewey's Metaphysics: A Response to Richard Gale" (co-written with Bill Myers) Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Volume XL, No. 4, Fall, 2005.
"Frondizi, Risieri (1910-1983)" entry in Dictionary of Modern Philosophers 1860-1960 (London: Thoemmes Press, 2005).
"Douglas Browning," entry for the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, John R. Shook, editor. Continuum International Publishing, July, 2005.
"The Role of the Philosopher in the Pragmatic Approach to Racism" in Pragmatism and the Problems of Race edited by Donald Koch, Indiana University Press (2004).
"John Dewey: El Filosofo de la Globalizacion Radical" in La Relevancia y Vitalidad del Pragmatismo en la Filosofia Contemporanea, edited by Jose Miguel Esteban (Mexico, forthcoming).
"New Directions and Uses of John Dewey's Ethics" in In Dewey's Wake: Unfinished Work of Pragmatic Reconstruction edited by William Gavin, SUNY Press (2002).
"Dewey's Philosophical Approach to Racial Prejudice" in Traditional Philosophers on Race edited by Tommy Lott and Julie Ward, Oxford University Press (2002).
"John Dewey, Latina Lesbians and the Quest for Purity," Journal of Speculative Philosophy , volume 15, issue 2, 2001 pp.152 161.
"Jorge Gracia's Philosophical Perspective on Hispanic Identity" in Philosophy and Social Criticism volume 27, no 2, 2001, pp.20 28.
"The Reception and Function of John Dewey's Philosophy in Latin America" in Memorias del XIV Congreso Interamericano de Filosofía, proceedings of XIV Interamerican Congress of Philosophy Published by Asociacion Filosofica de Mexico (August 1999).
"Montmarquet on Epistemic Blameworthiness" forthcoming in Unity in Epistemology, proceedings of conference as a volume in Paul Moser's Rowman and Littlefield series, edited by Peter Hare.
"Dewey's Ethics: Morality as Experience," in Reading Dewey: Interpretive Essays for a Post Modern Generation (1998, Indiana University Press, edited by Larry Hickman): pp.100 123.
"The Latino Character of American Pragmatism," in Transactions of the Charles Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy vol. xxxix 1998: pp. 93 112.
"To Be or to Do: Dewey and the Great Divide in Ethics," in History of Philosophy Quarterly 14 (October 1997): pp.447 72.
"Dewey's Moral Theory: Experience As Method," in Transactions of the Charles Peirce Society 33 (Summer 1997): pp.520 56.
"Peirce Y Ortega: Sobre las Creencias Fundamentales", in Anuario Filosofico (University of Navarra, Spain) vol. XXIX/3 1996 pp. 1225 1238.
"Openmindedness and Courage: the Virtues of the Pragmatist Ideal Believer," Transactions of the Charles Peirce Society Vol. XXXII, No.2 (Spring 1996) pp.316 335.
"Dewey's Philosophical Approach to Racial Prejudice," Social Theory and Practice: Interdisciplinary Journal in Social Philosophy Vol.22, No.1(Spring 1996) pp.47 66.
"A Reexamination of Browning's view of experience" Proceedings of Conference in Honor of Douglas Browning March 1995 in The Journal of the Southwestern Philosophical Society (supplement) pp. 97 108.
"William James Virtuous Believer" Transactions of the Charles Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy Winter, 1994, Vol. XXX, No.1 pp.77 110.
Dewey and Feminism: The Affective and Relationships in Dewey's Ethics" Hypatia vol.8, no.2 (Spring 1993), pp. 78 95.
"William James and The Logic of Faith" Transactions of the Charles Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy Fall 1992, Vol. XXVIII, No.4, pp.781 808.


Latin American Thought Prize (best philosophical essay in Latin American thought) by the American Philosophical Association, 2005.

Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Research Council, Sept 1991‑May 1992.

The William James Prize (for best paper in American Philosophy by a junior faculty) APA Eastern Division, Dec 1990.

Editorial positions and Membership:
*Editorial Board of the Journal of Speculative Philosophy
*Advisory Board of The Cybrary of Pragmatism.
*Executive Committee: Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy (SAAP)
*Program Committee: Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy (SAAP)
*APA Committee on Hispanics
*Hispanic Research Program (TAMU)
*Society for Iberian and Latin America Thought
*Southwestern Association for Latin American Philosophy