The role of personal health resources in university studies and working life
Chronic stress is considered a major risk factor regarding the development of so-called noncommunicable diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer or mental disorders. Those diseases account for the majority of the disease burden in Germany and Europe today. How can we succeed in staying healthy in the long term while we are confronted with diverse mental strain factors which are assumed to be linked to chronic stress, in both university studies and working life?
In dealing with this question, the current project takes a resource-focused approach. In a first step the project illustrates theoretically - based on a transactional framework - how the three personal health resources, general self-efficacy, uncertainty tolerance and mindfulness, may contribute to better health in the long term by reducing stress as well as negative mental strain and by promoting constructive ways of coping. Using the example of (prospective) teachers, the state of research regarding mental strain in university studies and in working life is being presented. In doing so, it becomes clear that only a few studies have so far adopted a resource-focused perspective on this topic. An empirical study using a quantitative online survey to collect data from N = 779 student teachers contributes to filling this research gap.
Jana Bauer, E-Mail: jana.bauer(at)uni-koeln.de